Cover letters are sent with your resume as either an attachment or an email. While not all jobs require a cover letter it is better to include one if you aren’t sure. The more senior the position, the more likely a cover letter is expected.

You can use a similar letter for all your applications with customized content to match the job posting, keywords, and the company. It doesn’t need to belong, but it should do three things:

  1. Include your contact information and confirm the position you are applying for.
  2. Show how your skills, education, and experience are the right fit for the job and employer.
  3. Ask for an interview.


  • Use a formal letter format
  • Include the same contact information that you used in your resume
  • Address it to the department and company and the hiring manager, if possible
  • Include the position name and number, if there is one
  • Focus on what you can contribute to the company in this job
  • Show interest and excitement in the job and the company


  • Use a form letter that doesn’t reflect the job posting
  • Focus on what you can learn from the job
  • Make the letter too long

The most important thing you can do in the cover letter is to sell yourself. Do some research about the company and use an example or two to demonstrate that you are the right person for the job.

Want to Know More? Read these articles about writing cover letters:

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